Antique crystal stemware, coveted for its age and signature light-reflecting qualities, became a serving option for the elite during the s. Crystal stemware was manufactured for hundreds of years by a large number of manufacturers in a great many patterns, all of which make it difficult to identify. If you’re starting or adding to your collection, be aware of the differences between crystal stemware and regular glassware. Crystal is a high-quality glass made with lead. In the “Chicago Tribune,” Michele Fecht writes that true crystal has a “lead content of at least 24 percent,” but glass doesn’t contain lead. This lead content gives crystal its signature qualities, contributing to its strength and weight. The lower temperature required for making leaded crystal makes it easier for glassmakers to craft decorative configurations in crystal glasses such as intricate cuts and angles with sparkling refractions. Overall, crystal has a smoother texture and is heavier than glass, but to positively determine if your crystal is authentic, seek input from a professional service. If you take your stemware to an antiques dealer or appraisal service, bring along digital or printed images; some appraisers will look at emailed photos or faxes to begin the process.
How to Identify Antique Crystal Stemware
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From Roman soda glass to 17th-century potash, the best way to date and value glassware is to examine its characteristics. Glass antiques are.
A common whiskey bottle with no label or embossing can be identified by its trademark on the bottom of the bottle. While bottle collectors rely on certain factors to determine age and value, such as condition, color and rarity, in addition to mold types, seam lines, and pontil marks, trademarks are often overlooked. Trademarks can provide the collector with additional valuable information toward determining history, age and value of the bottle, and provide the collector a deeper knowledge of the glass companies that manufactured these bottles.
I have been collecting bottles for 47 years and on many occasions, trademarks have been a big factor toward unlocking the mysteries of the past. With that trademark, you have unlocked the mystery. Or does it? Author Jay W.
Old Bottle Trademark Identification Made Easy
For many glass collectors, finding a beautiful treasure with antique glass markings is a special treat. After all, part of the fun of collecting antique glass is solving the hidden mysteries of each unique piece of glass in their collection. The category of antique glass takes in a wide variety of different types of glass and glassware made over centuries of time. It includes everything from elegant glass and signed art glass pieces to Ball canning jars and other utilitarian items made of glass.
Each era has a vast array of glass manufacturers making countless pieces of glass in numerous styles and designs. Although many antique glass pieces are unmarked, there are a great number of pieces that do have glass markings.
decanters & drinking-glasses (dating notes) notably from “Miller’s antique checklist – Glass” by Mark West, and “Eighteenth Century English drinking-glasses.
As Berge noted in referring to bottles, the ” This bottle dating “key” is a relatively simple “first cut” on the dating of a bottle. Please be aware that in order to gain the maximum information about any particular bottle e. Unfortunately, the complexities of precisely dating bottles is beyond the scope of any simple key; more complex keys are far in the future if they ever become available.
A substantial amount of bottle type specific information must be reviewed by a user to increase the probability of dating accuracy. Additional reference materials outside of this website must usually be consulted to narrow down the date of any item as far as is possible and to really get a “feel” for the history of the bottle in question. Fortunately, as each year passes more of this type information becomes available on the internet.
Since this website was initiated a simple search for a bottle can now yield much more information than back then, depending on the precision and wording of a search. This admittedly can be very challenging with bottles that have no company, user, or bottle maker related embossing or original labeling.
A guide to: Antique glass
Feel free to search our entire website with this internal search engine. The following links all deal with identifying or dating antiques and are not in any way affiliated with MFAS Marketing LLC unless specifically mentioned. They are constantly improving and extending their glass encyclopaedia and galleries, so please check back frequently.
At the height of the industrial revolution, glass manufacturers quickly adapted mass production techniques — instead of molding or shaping the whole bottle by.
By , the antiquarian Albert Hartshorne had published Old English Glasses: An account of glass drinking vessels in England, from early times to the end of the eighteenth century. This seminal work provided the first attempt at classification of 18th century glasses, the sector which makes up the biggest slice of this particular market. Up to the mids, English glasses, like their Continental counterparts, were made of soda glass producing thinly constructed, lightweight vessels of fluid design.
The patenting by George Ravenscroft in his London Savoy workshop of glass made with lead oxide produced a much heavier, clearer product that responded well to cutting and engraving. From a luxury product for the very rich, glass gradually became more widely produced and affordable. It is for this reason that a volume of 18th century material has survived. Traditional 18th century drinking glasses are still described by specialists very much according to specific types first outlined in Hartshorne’s seminal publication and developed by Leonard Bickerton in his Eighteenth Century English Drinking Glasses first published in , still the standard collecting work.
Here, glasses are classified according to the shapes of their stems, bowls and feet; to the decoration within the stem and the method used to embellish them.
Valuable Online Antiques Marks References and More to Save You Time
Defining “reproduction,” “replica” and “vintage” glass is a challenge in itself. Identifying it is even more difficult. We use the term “replica” to describe glass that is a copy of an older design, with no intent to deceive the buyer—usually there is some small difference between them. But an uninformed or dishonest seller can pass replicas off as vintage. As Ronald Reagan used to say: “Trust, but verify.
Another is that Early American Pattern Glass, or EAPG, is simply a widely misunderstood catch-all term that is interpreted No one ever said that the antiques world is rigid. And so, EAPG does have a date definition, even if it is a little elastic.
These items are not for sale and the descriptions, images and prices are for reference purposes only. You can reduce the number of items displayed by entering a keyword that must be included in the description of the item. A part set of Georgian cut crystal, comprising of seven rummers, five smaller rummers and two decanters, both engraved with stoppers.
Provenance: F. Strange Pty Ltd. Show 6 more like this. Mary Gregory clear glass jug and a ruby glass cruet bottle, and an etched glass decanter, 19th century, 3 items , 19 cm, 21 cm and 24 cm high Show 6 more like this. Murano glass decanter drinks set, 3 Murano glass vases and a silver plated tray, 20th century, the decanter 34 cm high. Baccarat ‘Talleyrand’ French crystal decanter, 20th century, acid etched factory mark ‘Baccarat, France’,22 cm high Show 24 more like this.
Glass Bottle Marks – Page One
The information below has been distilled from a variety of sources, most notably from “Miller’s antique checklist – Glass” by Mark West, and “Eighteenth Century English drinking-glasses an illustrated guide ” by L M Bickerton full publication details of which you will find in the “books” section of “glass notes” , both of which books we recommend if this is a field in which you are thinking of starting a collection.
Several of the shapes below have been reproduced in later periods. During the s and s, there was a big revival in interest in Georgian and Regency styles, and the kuttrolf or cluck-cluck was produced for many years after the second World War by Holmegaard. For this reason, shape alone should not be the sole criterion when attempting to date a decanter. The colour and clarity of the metal, skill of execution, wear-marks etc.
See more ideas about Glass, Vintage glassware, Antique glass. Dating antique milk bottles Glass, Antique Pottery, Glass Ceramic, Vintage Bottles Antiques.
Uranium glass is glass which has had uranium , usually in oxide diuranate form, added to a glass mix before melting for coloration. Uranium glass was once made into tableware and household items, but fell out of widespread use when the availability of uranium to most industries was sharply curtailed during the Cold War in the s to s. Most such objects are now considered antiques or retro-era collectibles, although there has been a minor revival in art glassware.
Otherwise, modern uranium glass is now mainly limited to small objects like beads or marbles as scientific or decorative novelties. The normal color of uranium glass ranges from yellow to green depending on the oxidation state and concentration of the metal ions, although this may be altered by the addition of other elements as glass colorants. Uranium glass also fluoresces bright green under ultraviolet light and can register above background radiation on a sufficiently sensitive Geiger counter , although most pieces of uranium glass are considered to be harmless and only negligibly radioactive.
The most typical color of uranium glass is pale yellowish-green, which in the s led to the nickname Vaseline glass based on a perceived resemblance to the appearance which was a yellow-green color of Vaseline brand petroleum jelly as formulated and commercially sold at that time. Specialized collectors still define Vaseline glass as transparent or semi-transparent uranium glass in this specific color.
Why buying antique glassware is the hot new trend among younger collectors
Also included are a few marks, emblems and logos seen on other types of glassware including tableware and industrial glass items such as railroad lantern lenses. Entries on some of the more commonly encountered brand and company names for instance, Bromo-Seltzer seen embossed on bottles are also included, as I frequently get questions about them. This is a typical example, as seen on the bottom of an emerald green bottle bearing a date code of
more on Glassware by Jennifer Baughman. Tags. My Glass · Glass Art · Victorian Pitchers · Mugs And Jugs · Glass Dishes · Glass Collection · Antique Glass.
Antique and vintage glassware ranges from simple to fantastic, and affordable to outrageous – literally something for everyone. Use these online value guides to help you identify and value many different types of vintage glass. Learning about old glassware goes far beyond valuing it, however. In fact, oftentimes you have to figure out what type of glass you own before you can find the value.
Take a look at these additional resources to learn more about your antique and collectible glass pieces. Some of the most beautiful and highly valued glass was made by a number of different companies in the s and early s. This type of glass made by a number of different companies is characterized by its “oil slick” coloring in varied hues.
While made in both clear and colors like Depression glass, the quality of “elegant” glassware is significantly higher. One of the most prolific of American glassware companies, Fenton made everything from cranberry glass to milk glass in a plethora of patterns. An offshoot of Depression glass, many useful items were made in a variety of colors in the s and ’30s. T his opaque white glass popular around the turn of the 20th century and again in the s and ’50s.
Please refresh the page and retry. A ntique dealer David Glick is the first to admit that his profession can have something of a stuffy image. However, if there is one thing that can pull in the younger customer, it is glassware his own specialist subject – and specifically, antique champagne glasses. They might not buy a large piece of furniture, but everyone has room for a couple of glasses. Glick, and fellow dealer Hilary Fisher , are two of the specialists that have worked with the fashion designer Jonathan Anderson on his collaboration with the champagne house Ruinart : Hotel , a one-bedroom hotel in Notting Hill, open for 10 nights only.
The lucky few who are booked in to stay there also get to invite up to eight guests to a dinner devised by chef Luke Selby, and served at a table stylishly laid with vintage delft plates Anderson is a keen collector and vintage glassware.
This bottle dating “key” is a relatively simple “first cut” on the dating of a bottle. Some technological changes were expensive and not adopted by glass makers on sealed bottles from around the world (Antique Sealed Bottles – ).
Dating antique bottles requires knowledge of the evolution of bottle technology and the ability to research manufacturers and bottling companies. Although glass bottles have been made for a few thousand years, it was not until the 19th century that bottle use became common, coinciding with the industrial revolution. By the midth century, embossed lettering and marking on bottle bodies and bases, denoting manufacturers and products, made more precise dating possible. In addition to technology, products and manufacturers, certain types of glass colors will also aid in dating.
Look for mold seams. The earliest bottles were hand-blown by a glassblower with a blowpipe and lack seams. Is the bottle highly symmetrical, but lacking mold seams? This type of bottle was probably dip-molded and dates after circa Is the base indented with an irregular to round pontil scar? This, and no mold seams, is another indication of a hand-blown bottle.
A pontil rod held the nearly molten bottle during the final stages of manufacture.